In 2010 alone, Michigan suspended 397,826 licenses for failure to pay court debt and failure to appear. Many of these people are too poor to pay, meaning that thousands of Michiganders are punished simply for being poor.
On May 4, 2017, Equal Justice Under Law — in partnership with the Maurice and Jane Sugar Law Center for Economic Justice and the Coalition on Temporary Shelter (COTS) — filed a class action lawsuit, Fowler v. Johnson, against Ruth Johnson, the Secretary of the State of Michigan to end this wealth-based drivers’ license suspension scheme that traps some of the state’s poorest residents in a cycle of poverty. This is the beginning of the process to end the state’s unjust system and restore driving rights to tens of thousands of residents.
Our clients Adrian Fowler and Kitia Harris are both residents of Detroit and are both mothers of young children.
Adrian Folwer supports herself and her three-year old daughter with a part time job at X-Men Security, bringing home about $700 per month. Because of unpaid traffic violations, the State of Michigan has suspended her driver’s license. During an ice storm, her daughter developed 103 degrees of fever while she was at work, so Adrian drove home to care for her. She was pulled over for speeding. Since it was an emergency, the officer let her go, but citied her for driving with a suspended license. This new ticket cost almost $600. When she went to courthouse to say she couldn’t pay, they told her that if she didn’t pay within three weeks, a warrant would be issued for her arrest.
Since there is no viable public transportation option that runs between the city and suburbs, Adrian can’t take a higher-paying job in the suburbs. Instead, she has settled for a part-time, minimum wage position located in the city of Detroit that doesn’t even cover her basic monthly expenses. Without a driver’s license, Adrian has no hope of paying back her debt to the state, trapping her in a vicious cycle of poverty.
Kitia Harris is unable to work due to a physical disability diagnosed in 2014: interstitial cystitis, a painful condition with no cure. She supports she and her eight-year old daughter on about $1200 per month in disability. When she was unable to pay for a routine traffic violation, the State of Michigan suspended her driver’s license.
Kitia has medical appointments at least twice a month at her doctor’s office, a thirty-minute drive from her home. She’s unable to ride the bus because her medical condition makes it unsafe for her to stand for more than a few minutes, so she’s often late to her appointments or has to cancel when she can’t find someone to drive her. Her very health is at risk simply because she was too poor to pay a traffic ticket.
If Kitia and Adrian had enough money to pay their fines, the state never would have suspended their licenses. They only lost their ability to drive because they are poor. And now, they are stuck in a cycle of poverty and worsening physical difficulties that overshadows their lives.
Read More About the Case
Click here to read the complaint: 1, 2017-05-04 P Complaint
Or here to read the Motion for a Preliminary Injunction: 2, 2017-05-04 P PI Motion
In June 2017, the State of Michigan filed a response to our lawsuit. “The state’s response makes no meaningful attempt to defend Michigan’s suspension law, instead raising procedural technicalities that are not applicable in this case,” says our Executive Director Phil Telfeyan. “Most importantly, the state fails to justify this irrational law that unfairly punishes people who are poor.”
Read our reply brief here: 13, 2017-06-30 P PI Reply
Read our response to the State’s Motion to Dismiss here: 15, 2017-07-21 P Dismissal Reply
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